- The eastern and western churches defined this differently, which became a central issue in the separation of the eastern and western churches. The Byzantine church gave the bishop of Rome (qq.v.) honorary primacy, but it never accepted the papacy's (q.v.) view that the bishop of Rome was a primate over the entire church. This the papacy (q.v.) demanded, claiming inherited apostolic power from the first apostle St. Peter, using Matthew 10:2 and 16:18 as supporting texts, along with the forged Donation of Constantine (q.v.). In any case, the Byzantine church took a more collegial view toward the power of bishops, seeing ultimate primacy as residing in the consensus of bishops at an ecumenical council (q.v.).
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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